نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
استادیار گروه زبان و ادبیات عربی، دانشگاه اصفهان
عنوان مقاله [English]
The novel “Woman at Point Zero” by Nawal El Saadawi, an Egyptian psychiatrist and prolific literary and political writer, narrates the failures and humilities which have afflicted the protagonist of the novel at the micro level of the narration and at the macro level of the contemporary Egyptian society. The present study aims to analyze and investigate one of the most important motifs and themes of “Alfred Adler’s individual psychology”, i.e. inferiority complex, in exploration of the labyrinth of the protagonist. It answers the main research questions including ‘what are the most important factors affecting the formation of inferiority complex? ’and ‘how is this complex reflected in the manners and behaviors of “Ferdows” ?’.The findings of the research indicate that, considering the role of childhood and social relationships of the protagonist, the severity of his inferiority is caused by negligence of the child and his deprivation of affection and education. This has moved him not toward superiority but toward inferiority, lack of motivation for compensation, and finally suicide.